Jeremy Goldstein: A Problem Solver

For many years, large corporations have stopped providing employees the benefit of stock option — a partial ownership of the company through stocks. Many of these corporations did so to save money, but the decision may be more complicated than it seems. Jeremy Goldstein attempts to solve this problem.


Jeremy Goldstein is an attorney providing legal advice to corporations of all sizes. With more than 15 years of experience, Goldstein is more than qualified with to manage these pressing issues. Goldstein established his own law firm in New York after working for an established law firm.


Jeremy Goldstein explains there are three main reasons. Firstly, there could be a significant drop in the stock, which would make it nearly impossible for employees to gain much compensation. Secondly, employees are well aware that if the economy falls, their stocks will as well, thus there is no reason to keep them. Lastly, the stock options could serve as a financial burden to the company through accounting procedures and equal pay conundrums. Albeit the complications, Jeremy Goldstein explains that stock option does have value. Employees can clearly understand them and could even give them the motivation to perform better. Learn more:


There is a solution to these complications. Jeremy Goldstein explains that companies first need to fix their pending and outgoing expenses as it will reduce risk. He urges companies to apply “knockouts” — stock options that have the same time constraints and alluring requirements to employees as the original stock options. However, the difference is that if the stock price falls under a certain limit, employees lose them. “Knockouts” don’t serve to solve all the issues, but Goldstein believes they do fix a lot of them.


Goldstein has been heavily involved with large corporations like Verizon, AT&T, Bank One, Duke Energy, Chevron, and Merck. In addition, he gained valuable positions at companies such as Fountain House (a law firm). With such pedigree and experience, it is difficult to ignore his advice

Ricardo Tosto, the Man you can never Avoid

When you happen to be talking about law in Brazil, there is one man you can never avoid. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is his name. For twenty-six years, Ricardo Tosto has been a practicing lawyer doing all within his power to stand for what is right and just. Thanks to the high standards of integrity that Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho upholds, he has become the advocate of choice for many Brazilians that need fair representation in a court of law.

As a Latin lawyer, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is best known for playing an active role as partner at the Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados Associados law firm. While at the law firm, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has helped many high profile clients win big cases, court issues that many advocates all over the world try to avoid. Using his unique sets of skills, Ricardo Tosto has thrived in the Brazilian Law courts mainly because he chose to stand for what is just and true.

Thanks to Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho’s industriousness, he has gained the respect and adoration of many of his competitors; becoming a ‘father figure’ in as far as the law practice in Brazil is concerned. Apart from that, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is the first Brazilian advocate ever to be documented in history as a litigator who serves using the mass action model. As a man who has stood right to the course, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has been able to inspire many young and upcoming advocates.

Tosto’s passion for law has gotten felt throughout Brazil with people traveling many miles just to have an audience with Ricardo Tosto. As a man who has specialized in litigation, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has set the bar for the discipline. Although the Brazilian law practice is one presently rocked with a lot of uncertainties, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is one man strong enough to withstand the tides of change. Ricardo was a lawyer twenty-six years ago, and he will still be an advocate for the Brazilian people many decades to come.

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Ricardo Tosto De Oliveira Carvalho is a Highly Experienced Attorney

Law in Brazil has been based primarily on the Portuguese Civil law. This was because it was under the Portuguese regime till 1822. Current the Civil law of Brazil is following the Italian Civil Code. This has been influenced by the German as well as French Civil law. In this way, the legal system of Brazil is representing a unique hybrid format. The legal system of Brazil has been evolving over the years. It is in a state of maturity now. There is a thriving culture of law education in the country in order to support it. As a profession, the law has always been highly sought-after and regarded in this country and read full article.

But becoming a lawyer is not easy in Brazil. There are a number of hurdles that need to be crossed in order to become one. This ensures that only the bright and meritorious aspirants can become a lawyer here. In order to study law, students need to do their graduation and then clear a special examination which is called Vestibular. Then they can apply to a law school. In the end, they need to pass the National Bar Examination in order to become an attorney. But still, there are several guidelines of the Bar Council that must be followed in order to become its member and practice law in the country.

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is one of the most prominent lawyers of Brazil. He has received his bachelor’s degree in law from the Mackenzie Presbyterian University. Then he pursued further education in Business Administration from the prestigious Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation and Ricardo’s lacrosse camp.

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho started his practice in law from a small office. He rose to popularity very soon due to his knowledge and hard work. Currently, he is serving as the partner at Leite, Tosto and Barros Advogados Associados. This is a law firm that has been co-founded by Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho and contact him.

In addition, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is known to have successfully defended several prominent public figures, NGOs, politicians, as well as MNCs and so on. He is an expert in litigation and hence highly sought-after as an attorney and his Linkedin.

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho’s Law Practice

Law is a prestigious career for in Brazil. It is one of those careers that children there grow up hoping to achieve. A law course in Brazil takes five years at the university. Upon graduation the graduates still have to go to law school where they are prepared to go to the field and practice law. The competition is stiff and the number of lawyers graduating yearly continues to increase. Students of law do not necessarily practice law as litigators. Law graduates can opt to become government prosecutors, magistrates, judges or even arbiters. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho chose to practice the law and after years in other firms he established his own.

Court system in Brazil

Brazil is divided into states and these states have judicial districts that are made up of many municipalities. Each of the state’s capital has a court of justice. The judicial districts however have trial courts. In these courts, the judge is the sole arbiter in all the cases whether criminal or civil. Jury service only kicks in when the case is that of attempt to kill or actual murder. All appeals of cases heard here are directed to courts of second instance.

Ricardo Tosto’s Practice

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is a legal authority in Brazilian legal circles. Having founded a firm in Brazil, he specializes in commercial law and also deals with banking operations. The firm also handles cases in other areas such as debt and bankruptcy, criminal cases in business and credit restructuring. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is an experienced litigator in such areas as civil law and polling or electoral law. Ricardo has also equally proved himself in political cases in the past.

Memberships and Other Engagements

Before Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho started his own firm, he worked as an advisor in legal and human resource matters. This he did while in the employment of GrupoRede. He was president of a judicial reform committee. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho enjoys the membership of the ‘international bar association’. He is also in the ‘centre for Brazilian lawyer societies’ and a member of the ‘institute for management development’. With others, Ricardo started the ‘institute for election law and political parties’ studies’.

Brazil’s First Court of Appeals

Portuguese colonization of Brazil began in the year 1500, with exploration and settlement beginning in the 1530’s. The first semblance of a territorial government for the colonies in Brazil was the Governorship-General, which was supported financially by the Portuguese crown. In addition, there was also an Ombudsman-General who headed up the judiciary system, which mostly served to hear disputes and dispense justice among the landed classes.

In time, the Portuguese crown was concerned with the sweeping powers of the position of Ombudsman-General and decided to institute an appellate court along the lines of those that had been founded in Portugal. The “Tribunal of Relation of Bahia” was founded in 1587 by Phillip II, who as Hapsburg emperor sat on the thrones of both Spain and Portugal. In fact, this court was the first court to operate in the New World and was one of only a few in the entire Portuguese empire, a testament to the growing economic importance of Brazil in the late 16th century.

Ricardo Tosto is an attorney and historian based in Sao Paulo, Brazil. As a co-founder of one of Sao Paulo’s most highly-rated firms, Ricardo Tosto & Associates, Tosto is well known for his work in a wide range of specialty areas. A founding member of the Brazilian Electoral Law Institute, Ricardo Tosto is passionate about research and legal education.

Besides his scholarly research and participation in professional organization, Ricardo Tosto is widely quoted as an expert in print and on television. Ricardo Tosto is a graduate of Mackenzie Law School.

Why You Need An Experienced Lawyer

Are you thinking about starting a business in Brazil? Looking for a powerful lawyer who can advise and provide the guidance you in need?

If you operate an existing organization or plan to launch a new one, your success may depend on getting the right legal advice. Law firms and lawyers are available to help with everything from drafting contracts to mergers and acquisitions.

Starting a new business, or dealing with another party, involves some legal steps that need to be adhered to. When two individuals agree to start a business, or when two businesses have a transaction going on, there is always a contract to be signed by both parties.

Each partner should also go over the written arrangements to make sure they have knowledge of what is involved in the new partnership, what this implies for them and their investments, and what this implies for their futures.

Business contracts are often written by legal counsel. Moreover, each party should be represented by his or her own legal counsel to make certain their interests and rights are protected prior to signing.

One of the exceptional things about Ricardo Tosto is that he is focused on every problem he addresses. He makes the effort to speak with you and know you, know your dilemma, and he has the capacity to help you. This reinforces our his mission, which is to give each client our undivided and full attention.

As an experienced business organization litigation lawyer, Ricardo Tosto can help resolve your establishment and commercial litigation needs.

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has become one of the most respected enterprise litigation and corporate attorneys in Brazil. Ricardo Tosto has also developed a reputation for successfully resolving legal issues ranging from new business enterprise formation to complex corporate litigation.

How Comparative Law Experts Like Sujit Choudhry Can Help Your Business

How Comparative Law Experts Like Sujit Choudhry Can Help Your Business

Are you stuck trying to understand the different laws that dictate business in different countries? Don’t let your business get bogged down in these concerns. Instead hire a comparative law professional like Sujit Choudhry to help you understand the differences between various countries and how to navigate this minefield.



What Is Comparative Law?

Comparative law is an interesting form of law because it looks at the differences between legal systems, the rules they share, and how they differ. Those who specialize in this type of law are experts at identifying the differences between one country’s law and another. However they are also skilled at finding the differences between the laws of states and even cities.


In a rapidly globalizing world, it is important to know the differences between these systems. Failure to do so could result in lawsuits, problems with business, and other serious concerns. Fighting to identify these differences is crucial and it is something that Sujit Choudhry can help you achieve.



Who Is Sujit Choudhry?

In an article at the Berkeley Law, Mr. Choudhry has years of experience working as an authority in constitutional comparative law, particularly those in overseas businesses that may interest you as a business person or investor. He has traveled across the world to research in Egypt, Libya, Nepal, Jordan, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, South Africa, and the Ukraine. Speaking multiple languages, he has also given important speeches in over two dozen countries.


Interests that drive his law career include federalism, the process of decentralization, secession from a country, constitutional courts, peaceful democratic policies, working with dictators to decrease human rights violations, protecting minor rights, understanding majority rule, and helping authoritarian countries transition to democracy. His knowledge has impacted the world in many important ways.



How Can Comparative Law Experts Help You?

How could a lawyer like Mr. Choudhry help your business? By providing you with the knowledge you need to point your business in the right direction when working with other countries.


Your lawyers and law experts will understand our laws, but what about Russia’s? Great Britain’s? Could they even understand the differences between Canadian and American legal systems? Even if they did hours and even days of research, could they match the expertise of those who have studied comparative law for years?


Probably not, but a comparative law expert like Mr. Choudhry can provide you and your business with the help they need to become a powerful business. So whether you call him or another comparative law expert, know that you are performing an important task that will compel you to further success.

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